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Chips — wood particles with dimensions in the range from several millimeters up to a dozen or so centimeters, made as a result of shredding wood with chippers. Depending on the wood type, the dimensions and quality of wood chips may be the raw material for the production of pellets, briquettes, chipboards, fiberboards, cellulose, for extracting resin and tannin. Chips can be dyed, which is used in decorating greenery areas, gardens, squares, and flower beds. They protect against weeds. They prevent the soil from becoming overly dried, and ensure its proper aeration. They protect the soil against low or high temperatures and their variations. The raw materials for the production of wood chips are mostly waste from the sawmill and forestry industries. Their quality, and calorific value depend on their origin, and on how the raw material is stored.


Sawdust – small chips, created as waste from wood processing: cutting, machining, turning etc. are approximately 10% of the wood processed in sawmills. Sawdust is used to make pellets, briquettes, and supports for pallets, and also as munch for poultry.
The humidity level of sawdust varies between 5%- 15% for dry carpentry sawdust, and 35%-65% for wet sawdust from recently cut trees.


Pine bark – is a material for mulching, commonly used in gardens. It is characterized by aesthetic visual appearance and useful features. It is available in two kinds – as raw bark, ground bark, and composted bark. This organic material is created as waste, in wood processing. This material has excellent nutritional and insulating values, and in addition pine bark’s decomposition time is the longest among all the types of garden bark.